Volume 14

Volume 14

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Volume 14

Note to readers: Should you need to install the Adobe Acrobat reader (free), which is necessary to read pdf files, click here:

For the full pdf text of The Silk Road, Vol. 15 (2015), click here.
Individual articles may be downloaded from the links below in the Table of Contents.
Note that all pdf files are low resolution for optimal speed in downloading, but the complete volume file is large and may take a few minutes.

Note: Volume 15 (2017) of The Silk Road is the last one that will be printed in hard copy at the same time it is posted on-line at the Silkroad Foundation website. The electronic publication of the journal will continue at The Silk Road , which already has an archive of all the volumes of the journal to date and links to all the individual articles. All future submissions for the journal should be sent to the new editor, Prof. Justin Jacobs, whose contact information is posted on that website.


From the editor’s desk: Hail and Farewell iii
Dedication ix
Caravanserais in the Golden Horde
by Emma D. Zilivinskaia Download
Given the significance of international trade for the Mongol Golden Horde, the existence of caravanserais to accommodate travelers along key routes is a subject of considerable interest. The focus here is on the network across the forbidding Ustiurt Plateau from Central Asia to the northern end of the Caspian.
A Photo Essay: Sasanian Bishapur and its Rock Reliefs
by Daniel C. Waugh Download
As an early capital of the Sasanian Empire, Bishapur in Iran was provided with an array of rock reliefs celebrating the victories of the kings and their investiture by the gods.
The Central Asian Ties of a Tenth-Century Muslim Ruler in Egypt 59
by Jere L. Bacharach Download
Slave soldiers from Central Asia often rose to power in the Islamic world, the example here being one of the rulers of Egypt in the 10th century CE who sought to emphasize his Central Asian family heritage in his titulature and coinage.
A Photo Essay:Light on the Liao 83
by Daniel C. Waugh Download
In recent years, the Kitan/Liao, who ruled in northern China in the late 10th to the 12th centuries have been getting their due. This photo essay highlights how interesting Liao material is for any study of the Silk Roads..
An Analysis of the Early Unified Silla Bas-relief of Pearl Roundel, Tree of Life, Peacocks, and Lion from the Gyeongju National Museum, Korea 116
by Hongnam Kim Download
A carved granite slab in the Gyeongju National Museum in Korea has images in roundels whose iconography suggests widely ranging connections to the West in the Unified Silla period. It is likely that the craftsman who executed the work was familiar with Christian imagery.
The Tumu Incident and the Chinggisid Legacy in Inner Asia 142
by Johan Elverskog Download
When the Oirad Mongols defeated the Ming and captured their emperor at Tumu in 1449, they could have invaded Central China and perhaps brought down the still young Ming state, but did not. The significance of the Chingissid legacy both for the Mongols and the Ming helps to explain why.
Exploring the Origins of Horse Herding and Riding in the Mongolian Steppe 153
by William Taylor, Tumurbaatar Tuvshinjargal, and Jamsranjav Bayarsaikhan Download
A brief report concerning ongoing research in Mongolia that is providing new evidence about the emergence of horse domestication and riding.
Symposia reports:
Short report on the symposium “From Khotan to Dunhuang—Case Studies of History and Art along the Silk Road” held 13.6-14.6.2017 at the Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Budapest, Hungary
by Lilla Russell_Smith
Art and Archaeology of the Silk Road, a symposium on October 11-13, 2017, at Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA
by Daniel C. Waugh
On-line resources:
Two at Oxford
Gary Lee Todd’s World History Photos
Dick Osseman’s Pictures of Turkey, Syria and Jordan
by Daniel C.Waugh
Book Reviews (by Daniel C. Waugh) 163
von Folsach and Meyer, The Human Figure in Islamic Art: Holy Men, Princes, and Commoners
Russell-Smith and Konczak-Nagel, The Ruins of Kocho: Traces of Wooden Architecture on the Ancient Silk Road 167
Munshi Abdul Rahim: Forgotten Hero of the Great Game (rev. of Kreutzmann, Wakhan Quadrangle: Exploration and espionage during and after the Great Game 171


Short notices 173
Download all these notices
  • Dähne. Karabalgasun–Stadt der Nomaden, by Burkart Dähne.
  • Wang, Mandalasin the Making: The Visual Culture of Esoteric Buddhism at Dunhuang
  • The following all written/compiled by Daniel Waugh:

  • Hansen. The Silk Road. A New History with Documents.
  • Frankopan. The Silk Roads. A New History of the World.
  • Jackson. The Mongols and the Islamic World from Conquest and Conversion.
  • Burns. Aleppo: A History.
  • Biedronska-Slota and Görlich. Textiles of the Silk Road. Design and Decorative Techniques: From Far East to Europe.
  • Allinger et al. Interaction in the Himalayas and Central Asia: Processes of Transfer, Translation and Transformation in Art, Archaeology, Religion and Polity.
  • Altai v krugu evraziiskikh drevnostei.Derevianko and Molodin, eds.
  • Dvurechenskaia. Terrakotovaia plastika drevneishikh gosudarstv Srednei Azii IV v. do n. e. – IV v. n. e. .
  • Kozlov. Dnevniki Mongolo-Sychuan’skoi ekspeditsii 1907–1909 .Iusupova et al., eds.
  • Svobodová. Iranian and Hellenistic Architectural Elements in Chinese Art. Sino-Platonic Papers, No. 274.
  • Asian Archaeology. Published by the Research Center for Chinese Frontier Archaeology of Jilin University.
  • Journal of Inner Asian Art and Archaeology , Vol. 7/2012 [2016].
    Contents of The Silk Road, Vols. 1-18 (2003-2017) 181
    Postscript (notes and images) Water 187
    by Daniel C. Waugh Download
    Is water a guiding thread through the tapestry of the Silk Roads?

    For the full pdf text of The Silk Road, Vol. 15 (2017), click here.

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